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Estudios sociales (Hermosillo, Son.)

Print version ISSN 0188-4557


VAZQUEZ HURTADO, Mariana; SANCHEZ BRITO, Ismael  and  ORTEGA-RUBIO, Alfredo. Marine aquaculture in Bahia de la Paz, B.C.S., Mexico: Socioeconomic impacts of the tuna and shrimp farming. Estud. soc [online]. 2011, vol.19, n.37, pp.175-193. ISSN 0188-4557.

The oceans have been considered an endless source of resources, and even able to feed all the human population. However, the nourishing demand has been increased to such degree that surpasses the resilience of the natural marine populations. Current management policies in the fisheries sector do not assure the social benefit for fishermen. Coastal fishermen are chronically poor, among others causes, by the open access to the marine resources. Aquiculture contributes to guarantee the nourishing security generating jobs and currencies, and it is the nourishing industry with the highest growth rate during the recent years. There are not previous studies on the participation of the Tuna ranching and Shrimp culture, in the economic and social development of the La Paz Bay. There are not previous studies on the chain of value of both cultures, that allows quantify the participation of the population on such activities, and the benefits obtained in each one of them. There are not previous studies analyzing the differential contribution of both culture activities in the socioeconomic development of this region. This work analyzes the socioeconomic impact that both types of marine aquaculture have in the La Paz Bay.

Keywords : marine aquaculture; socioeconomic development; tuna ranching; shrimp aquaculture.

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