Estudios sociales (Hermosillo, Son.)
versión impresa ISSN 0188-4557
The central goal of this paper is to present a Social Accounting Matrix of the Mexican economy for the year 1996, detailing the methodology we follow in building it. And, as a second goal, to illustrate its usefulness we carry out a basic structural analysis to study the impact of some exogenous shocks, applying an extension of Leontief's model. Specifically, we compute the Matrix of Generalized Multipliers to analyze the impact on income distribution of an increase in aggregated demand uniformly distributed, of an increase in investment, of an increase in exports, and of an increase of public expenditure in public health or education. On the other hand, besides constituting a useful tool by itself, and of being the object of study of a wide array of analytical tools of the structural analysis, a SAM also constitutes the base data on which models of applied general equilibrium are designed and implemented.
Palabras llave : social accounting matrix; structural analysis; public policy.