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Estudios sociales (Hermosillo, Son.)

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VERA NORIEGA, Ángel; PENA RAMOS, Martha  and  CALDERON GONZALEZ, Nohemí Guadalupe. Prácticas de crianza y educación inicial en la etnia Mayo. Estud. soc [online]. 2009, vol.17, n.spe, pp.303-324. ISSN 0188-4557.

This paper describes the characteristics of parenting methods in a Mayo indigenous community in the state of Sonora, Mexico. A documentary analysis of the Non- school Initial Education Model of CONAFE is conducted in order to check the results of rearing practices with the expected skills of parents and children attending the program. Based on that, the paper also tries to identify the effectiveness of the program's implementation for social reproduction in the Mayo ethnic group. Participants included 50 mothers and children from the Mayo community El Júpare, located in Huatabampo, Sonora. The instruments used were Parental Stress Index (Abidin, 1990), Interaction Father-Mother-Son (Peña, 2004), Stimulation of the Child at Home (Caldwell and Bradley, 1967), and Scale of Integral Development of Children (EDIN) (Atkin, 1987). In the evaluation of development, 54% of the children had normal growth; however, 26% are located in the category of development at risk, and 20% show weaknesses in development. The Nonschool Initial Education Program requires substantial modifications to respond to the particular parenting methods developed in the Mayo communities.

Keywords : rearing practices; Mayo ethnic group; initial education; child development.

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