Estudios sociales (Hermosillo, Son.)
versión impresa ISSN 0188-4557
WONG-GONZALEZ, Pablo. Ordenamiento ecológico y ordenamiento territorial: retos para la gestión del desarrollo regional sustentable en el siglo XXI. Estud. soc [online]. 2009, vol.17, n.spe, pp.11-39. ISSN 0188-4557.
In Mexico as in the rest of the Latin American countries, it has been recognized that despite some advances in this field, traditional planning in general and territorial and ecological planning programmes in particular, the latter as instruments of environmental management linked to land use, the efforts have mainly been of indicative character lacking of political back up for an effective implementation.The purpose of this essay is to carry out an analytical reflection on the driving forces and megatrends affecting these territorial planning processes. For that, Mexico's two major territorial planning programmes are considered as a reference point: the Ecological and the Territorial Planning Programmes. It is argued that given their strong sectorial orientation -environmental the former and urban settlements the latter-, by themselves these planning instruments cannot become substitutes of a comprehensive and sustainable regional-territorial development policy.
Palabras llave : territorial planning; ecological planning; sustainable regional-territorial development; institutional coordination; social participation.