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Economía: teoría y práctica

On-line version ISSN 2448-7481Print version ISSN 0188-3380


MANZANARES RIVERA, José Luis. Programas sociales: transferencias públicas y privadas en México en relación con la inequidad y la pobreza, 2006-2010. Econ: teor. práct [online]. 2013, n.39, pp.59-87. ISSN 2448-7481.

The goal of the paper is to evaluate the incidence of public and private transfers and their contribution to income distribution and poverty reduction in Mexico during 2006-2010. The methodology is based on estimation of distributional measures and econometric tools such as a geographically weighted regression using data from the ENIGH (National Survey of Household Income and Expenditures) 2006 and 2010. The conclusions indicate an improvement on income distribution associated to transfer payments equivalent to 2.7% of Gini Index over the period 2006-2010, mainly improving the distribution of lower income deciles, with an estimated poverty equivalent growth rate of 16% for year 2010. From a geographic perspective a limited efficiency was found for the public transfer program Oportunidades, while a rather positive impact, although marginal, was found for private transfers via remittances.

Keywords : public trasfers; social programs; income distribution; poverty; inequality.

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