Revista mexicana de sociología
versão impressa ISSN 0188-2503
TORRES-MAZUERA, Gabriela. Mexican Rural Territoriality in a Context of Decentralization and Electoral Competition. Rev. Mex. Sociol [online]. 2009, vol.71, n.3, pp. 453-490. ISSN 0188-2503.
In a context of globalization and political openness, rural Mexico has unusual characteristics. In this article, we will deal with rural transformation as institutional change. Based on a case of a rural municipality in the state of Mexico, we will illustrate the changes in ejido and municipal government, two institutions that have shaped Mexican rural space. The collapse of subsistence farming, demographic growth, the political and economic decentralization of federal government towards municipalities and electoral competition at the local level are factors that are contributing to the fall of the ejido and at the same time, to the emergence of municipal government.
Palavras-chave : ejido; urbanization; municipal government; decentralization; power switching.