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Revista mexicana de cardiología

versión impresa ISSN 0188-2198


SANCHEZ-LEZAMA, Francisco et al. Echocardiographic findings: Experience in 1,468 cases. Rev. Mex. Cardiol [online]. 2016, vol.27, n.2, pp.71-76. ISSN 0188-2198.


Echocardiogram is an important diagnostic tool to evaluate cardiac disease and very usefull in diagnosis and management. It is important to know the spectrum of cardiac abnormalities detected by transthoracic echocardiography, the frequency of findings that may vary depending on the prevalence of the disease and type of studied population.


To know the spectrum of findings identified in resting transthoracic echocardiography in 1,468 patients.

Material and methods:

A 3 years retrospective review of resting transthoracic echocardiograms in 1,468 patients.


The age range of the 1,468 patients was from 1 day to 94 years with mean (SD) age 51 ± 7.2 years; females 52.9% (n = 776) and males 47.1% (n = 692). One hundred thirty three patients (9.05%) had normal echocardiograms; 1,335 patients had an average of 1.8 findings/patient; 2,464 findings were classified in ten different categories: heart valves abnormalities was the most frequent alteration detected in 36.47% (n = 487); diastolic dysfunction 30.71% (n = 410); and cardiac chambers dilation 27.79% (n = 371).


Clinical history and physical examination can not be substituted by an imaging test, but with the clinical data obtained, in conjunction with an echocardiographic study, gives us clues to the diagnosis and pathophysiology of heart disease essential for the properly evaluation and management.

Palabras llave : Echocardiographic findings.

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