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Revista mexicana de cardiología

versión impresa ISSN 0188-2198


YANEZ-GUTIERREZ, Lucelli et al. Ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm in adult age; percutaneous closure with occluder device: Report of three successful cases. Rev. Mex. Cardiol [online]. 2015, vol.26, n.4, pp.201-205. ISSN 0188-2198.

Valsalva sinus aneurysms (VSA) are rare defects, representing 0.09% of all congenital heart diseases. They are more common in male and can be either acquired or congenital. The latter is consequence of an incomplete fusion of the distal bulbar septum that separates the pulmonary artery from the aorta and piece together with the fibrous annulus of the aortic valve. The subsequent thinning of the middle layer of the aorta, leads to progressive dilatation over time. We present three cases of VSA, comprising those of two male patients (aged 19 and 25 years old) and a third pertaining to a woman (aged 32 years old), all of them without cardiovascular risk factors. All patients clinically manifested heart failure and continuous murmur. The two males had sudden chest pain. Echocardiographic diagnosis was confirmed by cardiac catheterization and angiotomography. In all patients, percutaneous closure with an Amplatzer occluder, guided by three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography, was successfully performed. In the follow-up, all three remain free of heart failure, without signs of significant aortic insufficiency. The etiology of all three cases was congenital. Although traditional surgical repair is associated with less than 2% mortality, since 1994, transcatheter closure of these lesions with different devices had been tested, being the Amplatzer occluder the one with better results because their bigger retention discs. With this technique the associated complications of median sternotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass are avoided; and at the same time a shorter recovery time and hospitalization length of stay are achieved. There are not many cases like these reported in literature.

Palabras llave : Congenital heart disease; Valsalva sinus aneurysms; Amplatzer occlude; three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography.

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