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Revista mexicana de cardiología

versión impresa ISSN 0188-2198

Resumen

MARQUEZ-GONZALEZ, Horacio et al. Ventricular interdependence analysis in patients with congenital heart disease with systolic and diastolic dysfunction of the right ventricle. Rev. Mex. Cardiol [online]. 2015, vol.26, n.4, pp.174-179. ISSN 0188-2198.

Ventricular interdependence (VI) is understood as the response of one ventricle to the changes in pressure and volume in the remaining other. At the time, this behavior in congenital heart disease is not clear, specially in those which affect the right ventricle (RV). Objective: To determine and compare the different types of VI in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) involving RV with systolic and diastolic dysfunction. Methods: A cross-sectional, comparative study was performed in patients with CHD with volume overload mechanism (atrial septal defects, ventricular septal defects, patent ductus arteriosus and total anomalous pulmonary venous connection) as well as patients with overload pressure mechanism (Tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and Ebstein's anomaly). An echocardiographic study was performed on every patient and based on each ventricle ejection fraction and tricuspid and mitral annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE and MAPSE, respectively) interdependence was classified as: A (Preserved measurements on both ventricles), B (changes in RV with preserved measurements of the LV) and C (changes in both ventricles). Comparison was made by dysfunction type, time of evolution, the Tei index of myocardial performance (IMF), pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and functional class. Results: Out of 86 patients, we found: type A VI in 58%, type B VI in 26% and type C VI in 16% of patients, type C VI was mostly associated with Ebsteins anomaly. The bigger the interdependence, the longer the time of evolution, weight and Tei's Index. Conclusions: Interdependence occurs in CHD where RV is mainly affected. There is an association between type of interdependence and the mechanism of RV dysfunction (systolic or diastolic).

Palabras llave : Ventricular interdependence (VI); congenital heart disease (CHD); echocardiography.

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