SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.37 número1Evolución de la calidad de semilla de Capsicum annuum L. durante su desarrollo en el fruto índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Journal

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • Não possue artigos similaresSimilares em SciELO

Compartilhar


Revista fitotecnia mexicana

versão impressa ISSN 0187-7380

Resumo

ROSALES-ROBLES, Enrique; SANCHEZ-DE-LA-CRUZ, Ricardo  e  RODRIGUEZ-DEL-BOSQUE, Luis A.. Tolerance of grain sorghum to two herbicides. Rev. fitotec. mex [online]. 2014, vol.37, n.1, pp.89-94. ISSN 0187-7380.

In northern Tamaulipas, México, herbicide toxicity is a common problem in grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench.) caused by inappropriate herbicide dosages and inadequate synchronization of spraying with crop growth stages. Herbicide toxicity affects crop growth and may reduce yield. From 2006 to 2008, the response of four grain sorghum hybrids ('P-82G63', 'RB-Patrón' , 'DK-54' and 'Ámbar') to application of two herbicides (prosulfuron and 2,4-D) at two dosages (1X recommended dose: prosulfuron at 22.8 g i.a. ha-1 and 2,4-D at 720 g i.a. ha-1; and 1.5X recommended dose), at two phenological stages (V5, 5 expanded leaves; and V8, 8 expanded leaves) was tested in field trials. No significant differences were observed among genotypes in response to herbicide treatments, but there were significant effects of dosages and herbicides. Prosulfuron 1X applied at V5 caused only a light toxicity of 6 % that reduced crop height. Height reduction was more pronounced (19 %) when the 1.5X dosage was applied at V8 stage; however, no yield reduction was observed in any case. 2,4-D applied in plants at V5 and V8 at 1X and 1.5X caused significant toxicity from 12 to 24 %, and reduced grain yield from 12 to 16 %, because of a decrease in the number of grains per panicle. Thus, 2,4-D spraying on sorghum at those stages should be avoided. For sorghum, prosulfuron is more suitable than 2,4-D, because it causes less toxicity.

Palavras-chave : Sorghum bicolor; herbicide tolerance; plant height; grain yield.

        · resumo em Espanhol     · texto em Espanhol     · Espanhol ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons