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Revista fitotecnia mexicana

versão impressa ISSN 0187-7380

Resumo

PIMIENTA-BARRIOS, Eulogio; ROBLES-MURGUIA, Celia  e  MARTINEZ-CHAVEZ, Carla C.. Ecophysiological responses of native and exotic young trees to drought and rainfall. Rev. fitotec. mex [online]. 2012, vol.35, n.spe5, pp.15-20. ISSN 0187-7380.

The ecophysiological response to drought and recovery after rainfall was evaluated for three young tree species native to México (Fraxinus uhdei, Tabebuia rosea and Ehretia latifolia) and three exotic species native to humid tropical environments (Koelreuteria paniculata, Schinus terebinthifolius and Ligustrum lucidum), all of them used to reforest the city of Guadalajara, Mexico. In May, daily net CO2 assimilation was 133 % higher in native species (84 mmol CO2 m-2 d-1) than in the exotic species (79 mmol CO2 m-2 d-1). Photosynthesis in F. uhdei and T. rosea was less affected by adverse atmospheric conditions that prevailed in May, compared with the other species in study. In June, the daily net CO2 assimilation recovery observed in response to rain was higher in the exotic L. lucidum (318 %) than in the native T. rosea (65 %). The lower values of relative water content were recorded in May for S. terebinthifolius (64 %), E. latifolia (67 %) and F. uhdei (69 %). The relative water content increased gradually in the rainy season and all species showed values of relative water content close to or greater than 90 %, and this increment was associated with increases in the daily net CO2 assimilation DNA. The lower values of daily net CO2 uptake and chlorophyll observed in May might be attributed to the low relative humidity (17 %) and high values of temperature (26 °C) and radiation (51 mmol m-2 d-1).

Palavras-chave : Chlorophyll content; daily net CO2 assimilation; drought; relative water content.

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