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Frontera norte

On-line version ISSN 2594-0260Print version ISSN 0187-7372

Abstract

SALAMA, Pierre. Homicides, Is violence ineluctable in Latin America?. Frontera norte [online]. 2013, vol.25, n.49, pp.07-27. ISSN 2594-0260.

In most Latin American countries homicide rates are much higher than in developed countries. It increases in some countries, decreases in others or stabilizes. It growths strongly in a few cities but decrease significantly in others since the beginning of the years 2000. The drug taffickers and the evolution or criminal organizations play a special role.The causes of the increase and the reduction of violence are many and complexs. Reduce violence when it reaches the level that she knows in many Latin American countries is a bit like trying to do the squaring of the circle. That is the difficulty. There is a set of prerequisites to make the more cohesive society and reduce violence: substantially reduce socio-economic inequalities, promote a more egalitarian income distribution, develop a primary, secondary, and vocational quality education, invent the city policies, improve the quality of institutions, including and especially that of justice and the police, develop a policy of the city as it was done in Bogotá and as it starts to be done in the <<pacified favellas>> at the Brazil in contrast to what is observed in Mexico where repression is privileged and corruption is very high.

Keywords : homicides; poverty; social welfare; Brazil; Mexico.

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