SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.22 número43La construcción simbólica de un mercado de trabajo feminizado en la ciudad de Tánger: Una aproximaciónValoración económica del servicio hidrológico del acuífero de La Paz, B.C.S.: Una valoración contingente del uso de agua municipal índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Frontera norte

versión impresa ISSN 0187-7372

Resumen

LOPEZ SALAZAR, Ricardo  y  CARRILLO, Jorge. Industrial Upgrading and Labor: The Case of Tijuana's Electronics Industry. Frontera norte [online]. 2010, vol.22, n.43, pp. 81-102. ISSN 0187-7372.

This article analyzes the implications of industrial upgrading for labor conditions in three electronics maquiladora plants in Tijuana. The evidence shows that, thanks to the momentum of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the growth of in-house capabilities, and the support from their respective parent companies, the three factories upgraded both in terms of products and functions. For their part, skilled employees (engineers and managers) experienced a revalorization, the result of knowledge acquired over long careers in these companies. Consequently, industrial upgrading in the three plants that we analyzed is associated with labor improvements due to the high levels of job stability, which make it possible to implement in-house career plans, high levels of training, and labor certifications.

Palabras llave : Industrial upgrading; maquiladoras; technological change; labor; electronics.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · pdf en Español