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Estudios fronterizos

versión On-line ISSN 2395-9134versión impresa ISSN 0187-6961

Resumen

RIOS FLORES, Jesús Armando  y  CASTILLO ARCE, Miriam Liliana. Competitiveness of fresh Mexican beef in the U.S. market. Estud. front [online]. 2015, vol.16, n.32, pp.221-245. ISSN 2395-9134.

Recently, Mexican farming has shifted from a process of extensive ranching and exportation of live cattle to highly technical processes for exporting a higher quality of fresh and frozen meat. This production dynamic is reflected in the greater stake of livestock in the agri-food industry and the gross domestic product (GDP) of Mexico and its share of the United States (U.S.) market. This paper quantifies the effect of production dynamics in the domestic market and the competitiveness of fresh beef in the U.S. using the constant market share (CMS) and relative export advantage (REA) techniques. We identified a stable growth path without presenting a comparative advantage. Similarly, this dynamic has generated a substantial increase in the U.S. market share, which is generated by a growth in the target market and increased competition within the meat sector in Mexico.

Palabras llave : livestock; beef; competitiveness; relative export advantage; constant market share.

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