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Estudios fronterizos

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Abstract

TEXIS FLORES, Michelle; MUNGARAY LAGARDA, Alejandro; RAMIREZ URQUIDY, Martín  and  RAMIREZ ANGULO, Natanael. Aprendizaje en microempresas de Baja California. Estud. front [online]. 2011, vol.12, n.23, pp. 95-116. ISSN 0187-6961.

Mexico's business structure has been characterized by the presence of microenterprises, particularly those averaging two workers, representing 65% of establishments in 2008 and 18% of employment. This makes them important for equity and welfare improvement of their members. This paper analyzes the performance of a group of 227 microenterprises in the state of Baja California, by the use of a practical application of the concept of learning curve arranged to incorporate returns to scale. The results indicate that in 48% of cases there is evidence of learning processes and 58% exhibited increasing returns to scale. This allows evaluating the development potential of these microenterprises and the design and implementation of proactive programs that encourage their learning and consolidation in the market.

Keywords : microenterprise; learning; learning curve; average cost; returns to scale.

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