versão impressa ISSN 0187-6961
MARTINEZ HERRERA, Leopoldo. Circunscripciones distritales locales e inequidad de la representación: El caso de Baja California, 1992-2004. Estud. front [online]. 2008, vol.9, n.17, pp. 149-186. ISSN 0187-6961.
Regardless of the reformist advancements of the election system, there are still unresolved issues. In the case of Mexico and in the midst of a debate on our transition process we place the issue of district overrepresentation, wich by generating multiple effects configures a point of deep discussion thus concerning the system of representation, the integration of the house of representatives, the parties system and above all it puts a debate on the following premise: "a vote per citizen", that is, the principle of equalness in democracy, which translated to the field of elections means, as Bovero stated, assigning an equal-valve decition quota to each citizen. In the case of Baja California, our purpose is to demonstrate that the issues related to the deficient district representation, the integration of the parties within the house of representatives, and as a consequence the athrophy of the parties system continue to be an actual problem on this transition process that haven't been able to trascend the margins of regional and local dynamics of politics and power. This study includes an analysis of territorial-demography of legislative representation of Baja California, taking as a reference all research undertaken on similar phenomena by Diego Reynoso, FLACSO researcher.
Palavras-chave : equity; over-representation; sub-representation; vote; citizen.