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Terra Latinoamericana

versión On-line ISSN 2395-8030versión impresa ISSN 0187-5779


IBARRA-SANCHEZ, Alejandro; RODRIGUEZ-PEREZ, Juan Enrique  y  SAHAGUN-CASTELLANOS, Jaime. General inbreeding coefficient of maize synthetics derived from three-way line hybrids. Terra Latinoam [online]. 2019, vol.37, n.4, pp.479-485.  Epub 24-Mar-2020. ISSN 2395-8030.

The scarcity of pure and unrelated maize inbred lines that possess high combining ability in Mexico has led breeders wishing to form single crosses to develop double-cross or three-way line hybrids (TWLHs) instead. However, some of the farmers who grow these hybrids cultivate their advanced generations later on. Although the resulting populations can be viewed as the synthetics that the random mating of the parental lines (Syn L ) of these hybrids would produce, there may be differences. The synthetic variety whose parents are t TWLHs (Syn T ) is interesting because the contributed gene frequencies of the three lines that are parents of a TWLH are not balanced and this may generate a difference between the inbreeding coefficients (ICs) of the Syn L and Syn T . Since an unbiased and general inbreeding coefficient of the Syn T and a prediction formula for the Syn T genotypic mean (GM) are not yet known, the objective of this study was to derive formulae for these two important parameters of Syn T . To form the t TWLHs, it was assumed that 3t unrelated lines whose IC was F (0 ≤ F ≤ 1) were used. Unbiased and general formulae for FSyn T and GM were derived for the first time. In particular, it was found that FSyn T = [3(1 + F)]/(16t). Since the inbreeding coefficient of the Syn L derived from the same 3t lines is (1 + F)/(6t), then FSyn T > FSyn L . These findings suggest that the genotypic mean of the Syn L grain yield is larger than the Syn T ’s.

Palabras llave : coancestry; genotypic mean; identity by descent; Zea mays L..

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