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Terra Latinoamericana

versão On-line ISSN 2395-8030versão impressa ISSN 0187-5779

Resumo

HERNANDEZ-GONZALEZ, Olivia et al. Gas exchange and fluorescence of Brosimum alicastrum. Terra Latinoam [online]. 2019, vol.37, n.4, pp.459-467.  Epub 24-Mar-2020. ISSN 2395-8030.  https://doi.org/10.28940/terra.v37i4.548.

Gas exchange measurements were taken with an infrared gas analyzer (IRGA) and chlorophyll fluorescence with a modulated amplitude pulse fluorimeter (Mini-PAM) on fully developed leaves of ramon (Brosimum alicastrum Swartz) a tropical rainforest tree, grown in its natural habitat as to collect basic information of its physiological behavior. Data showed that maximum fixation of CO2 was 5 µmol m-2 s-1, photosynthetic efficiency was 0.67 while the photosystem II was found to saturate at a photonic flux density (PFD) of 500 µmol at 15 h. A high correlation was found between photosynthesis and transpiration. Highest water use efficiency occurred after 15 hours at a temperature of 30 °C, while chlorophyll levels remained constant. This is a shade tolerant, plant species thus it was found that initiates the photosynthetic process with low levels of light, presenting a light compensation point of 24 µmol m-2 s-1. In a parallel study, the same variables were measured in two sets of individuals of the same specie collected from two distant localities but growth in pots in the open. Photosynthetic variables of this plant species data showed very similar patterns. The results obtained suggest that, during the daylight hours and at higher temperatures, this species can carry out photosynthesis with high water use efficiency. Based on the results, the conclusion is that this plant species can adapt to a diversity of environmental conditions.

Palavras-chave : photosynthesis; ramon tree; stomatal conductance; tropical dry forest; water use efficiency.

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