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Terra Latinoamericana

versão On-line ISSN 2395-8030versão impressa ISSN 0187-5779

Resumo

BARREZUETA UNDA, Salomón; PAZ GONZALEZ, Antonio; LUNA ROMERO, Ángel Eduardo  e  JARAMILLO AGUILAR, Edwin. Variability of δ13C and δ15N in cocoa cultivars, in the province of El Oro, Ecuador. Terra Latinoam [online]. 2019, vol.37, n.2, pp.131-140. ISSN 2395-8030.  http://dx.doi.org/10.28940/terra.v37i2.202.

The cocoa provides significant levels of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) by the leaf litter; the change of agronomic management causes variation in the contents of these elements in the soil. The objective was to evaluate the variations of the isotopes of δ13C and δ15N between two types of cocoa (CCN51 and Nacional), located in three soil orders in the province of El Oro, Ecuador. Thirty soil samples of 0.30 m deep and 25 samples of leaf litter were taken and the abundance of the isotopes of δ13C and δ15N were analyzed. The data were analyzed including two factors, cocoa types (CCN51 and National) and order of soils (Alfisol, Entisol and Inceptisol). The results showed that the ranges of the isotope of δ13C in soil were -23.81% (CCN51, Entisol) to -26.46% (National, Entisol) and in leaf litter -27.21% (CCN51, Alfisol) to -29.86% (National, Inceptisol). The ranges of the isotope of δ15N in soil were of 7.96% (National, Entisol) and 10.48% (National, Alfisol) and in leaf litter of 4.85% (National, Entisol) to 8.38% (CCN51, Alfisol). The averages of the δ13C in the soil were plants type C3. The values of δ15N in litter and soil was an indicator of low incidence of fertilizers nitrogenous origin inorganic in National and high mineralization of N in CCN51.

Palavras-chave : carbon; organic matter; nitrogen.

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