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Terra Latinoamericana

versión On-line ISSN 2395-8030versión impresa ISSN 0187-5779

Resumen

COLIN GARCIA, Gerardo et al. Digital soil classification trough environmental covariables of the Mixteco river watershed. Terra Latinoam [online]. 2017, vol.35, n.4, pp.281-291. ISSN 2395-8030.

The lack of detailed maps of spatial distribution of soil units is a frequent constraint in decision-making processes, hydrological modeling, and productive assessment of an area. In this work, the Digital Soil Mapping (DSM) technique was applied, and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was used to obtain the spatial distribution of dominant soil units in a watershed. The study area was the Mixteco watershed, which covers an area of 655 903 ha, of the Mexican state of Oaxaca. For DSM, topographic, hydrological, climatic and geological environmental covariables were used. The environmental covariables with greater impact on the spatial distribution of soil units, in order of importance, were geological, topographic and climatic. Digital classification was based on 142 randomly distributed training areas and 60 sites for validation of results. In the watershed, according to the FAO (2014) WRB Classification System, the following soil groups were identified satisfactorily (76.67% for overall accuracy and 71.20% for the kappa index): Cambisols (35.8%), Fluvisols (7.16%), Leptosols (48.25%), Regosols (8.00%) and Vertisols 0.79%). DSM satisfactorily determined the spatial distribution of soil units in the watershed and identified the most influential environmental covariables.

Palabras llave : digital soil mapping; covariance analysis; soil units; Kappa Index; Mixteca region.

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