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Terra Latinoamericana

versión On-line ISSN 2395-8030versión impresa ISSN 0187-5779

Resumen

RODRIGUEZ GARRIDO, Norma E. et al. Edaphic arsenic and its distribution in irrigation district 017: using interpolation methods. Terra Latinoam [online]. 2017, vol.35, n.1, pp.19-28. ISSN 2395-8030.

Soil constituents (clays, carbonates, organic matter and oxides and hydroxides), involved in the mobility of arsenic (As), determine its spatial variation; thus, the mapping can contribute to the understanding of the presence of this metalloid on the soil. The objectives of this research were to determine the concentration of As in soils of Irrigation District 017 (DR017) of Mexico and establish its spatial distribution using two interpolation methods. Four stages were performed; the first consisted of desk work and field, in which 33 sampling sites were located in a polygon of DR017, then at each site, simple soil samples (0-30 cm depth) were collected. The second and third were carried out in laboratory, in which, in each sample the concentration of As available, clay content, carbonates of calcium and phosphorus available and their regression were determined. The fourth stage had two parts, the development of two maps with two interpolation methods (Interpolator Weighting Inverse Distance, IDW its acronym in English and ordinary Kriging, OK) and verification of the accuracy of each map. The results showed that the distribution of As in the DR017 is not uniform and is associated with CaCO3 and clay content. So that, As concentrations ranged from 0.07 to 1.89 mg kg‑1, where the highest concentrations of this metalloid (1.39-1.89 mg kg-1) were positively correlated (R2= 0.9058) with high content of clay (39.44 to 43.44%). The map of spatial distribution of As obtained by KO, had the highest accuracy (75.7%), which shows that the concentration increases in a north-south direction, where the area of greatest concentration is in the northern part of the district.

Palabras llave : arsenates; soil; Kriging; IDW; geostatistical.

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