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Perinatología y reproducción humana

On-line version ISSN 2524-1710Print version ISSN 0187-5337


CERVANTES-RUIZ, Miriam Ayde et al. Intraventricular hemorrhage in premature infants in a third level unit at México City. Perinatol. Reprod. Hum. [online]. 2012, vol.26, n.1, pp.17-24. ISSN 2524-1710.

Introduction: The intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is a complication of the preterm infants and the incidence is inversely related to gestational age and birth weight. The care and treatment of those babies with IVH has been changing over time. Objective: determine the factors associated in the development of IVH in the study group and also consider measures to reduce this pathology. Material and methods: A cross-sectional retrospective study was designed to assess premature infants with IVH, at the time of discharge from the neonatal therapy during 2009. Maternal and neonatal conditions were analyzed using descriptive statistics and factors associated with the severity of the IVH with odds ratio and (CI 95%). Results: The overall rate of IVH was 6.1%. Grade I occurred in 62%, grade II in 22%, grade III in 13% and grade IV, 3%. Birth weight less 1000 g (5.75, 1.35-24.49), Apgar score 4-6 at five minutes (22.71, 2.06-249.5) and necrotizing enterocolitis (8, 1.78-35.93), were associated with IVH grade III and IV. Conclusion: Preterm infants are of risk for developing intraventricular hemorrhage. In this study, birth weight less 1,000 g, low Apgar score and necrotizing enterocolitis were associated with IVH grade III and IV.

Keywords : Intraventricular hemorrhage; prematurity.

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