Perinatología y reproducción humana
versión impresa ISSN 0187-5337
MENDOZA -FLORES, María Eugenia et al. Knowledge and nurses' attitudes about gender violence. Perinatol. Reprod. Hum. [online]. 2006, vol.20, n.4, pp. 69-79. ISSN 0187-5337.
Objective: To identify attitudes and knowledge among nurses from Instituto Nacional de Peinatologia (INPerIER) regarding Gender Violence (GV). Material and methods: This is a cross-section, observational and analytic study. Participants were nurses who had been in contact with women attending INPerIER. Information was collected anonymously and voluntary through the "Partner violence against women: healthcare professional's opinion Survey". A logistic regression model was calculated to evaluate the association among several factors including knowledge of guidelines, counselling and centers for assistance to affected women. Results: A total of 136 nurses participated in the study (9.4% non-participants). Average age was 37 years, 52.9% did not have a partner, 51.5% were non-specialized nurses, 47.1% had a post-high school education and 54.4% had an afternoon shift. Knowledge regarding was none-low in 92.6% of the nurses and moderate in 7.4%. Factors associated with cognitive and behavioural attitude and GV included age between 23-35 years (OR 2.93; IC 95%: 3.0-8.0), family members with violence (OR 2.47; IC 95%: 1.13-5.37) and bachelor's level (OR 5.03; IC 95%: 1.20-10.21). The being violence author has an unfavourable affective attitude (OR 5.30; IC 95%: 11.08-25.88). Personal and institutional barriers to identify GV cases were present in 74.3% of the cases. Conclusions: It is necessary to sensitize and train nurses to give assistance or counselling to GV cases, as well as to implement mental health programs for nurses who act violent or are victims of violence.
Palabras llave : Gender violence; attitudes; knowledge; personnel nursing.