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Revista mexicana de micología

versión impresa ISSN 0187-3180

Resumen

GAITAN-HERNANDEZ, Rigoberto  y  SILVA HUERTA, Abraham. Use of local agricultural wastes to the production of Pleurotus spp., in a rural community from Veracruz, México. Rev. Mex. Mic [online]. 2016, vol.43, pp.43-47. ISSN 0187-3180.

The carpophores production of two strains of Pleurotus, P. pulmonarius (IE-115) and P. ostreatus (IE-728) was evaluated, in order to assess the productivity in two agricultural wastes, under rustic conditions in Orilla del Monte community, Jalacingo, Veracruz, Mexico. The biological efficiency (EB), production rate (TP) and yield (R) on corn stover and oat straw, were evaluated. The following treatments were performed: CS 100% (A), OS 100% (B), CS 50%-OS 50%% (C) and CS 20%-OS 80% (D). Three crops were obtained in a period production from 45 to 61 days in the tested substrates. The highest BE was observed on D-IE-728 treatment, with 139.66%, while the lowest was the B-IE-115 treatment, with 103.61%. The highest PR was bserved with treatment D-IE-115 (1.99%) and the lowest with A-IE-728 (1.25%). The highest Y obtained was 31.56% (D-IE-728) and the lowest was A-IE-728 (21.81%). The best substrate (D) was statistically different (p<0.05) from the others. No statistical difference was observed among strains (p>0.05), with the exception of the mean production rate.

Palabras llave : oyster mushroom production; rustic cultivation; corn stover; oat straw.

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