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Medicina interna de México

versión impresa ISSN 0186-4866

Resumen

GARZA-LONGORIA, Rodolfo Sergio De la; MALDONADO-MANCILLAS, Jesús Adrián; MENDOZA-MUZQUIZ, Pedro Luis  y  SANCHEZ, Leopoldo. Incidence of cerebrovascular disease in an Internal Medicine service. Med. interna Méx. [online]. 2018, vol.34, n.6, pp.874-880. ISSN 0186-4866.  http://dx.doi.org/10.24245/mim.v34i6.2062.

BACKGROUND

Cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is an important reason for admission to the area of internal medicine in hospitals and with some variations depending on the different age groups, gender, and hospital management. It causes high levels of lethality, occupying in 2010 the sixth place within the main causes of death in Mexico.

OBJECTIVE

To know the statistics of ischemic and hemorrhagic diseases in the internal medicine service based on data collected from clinical files at the Hospital of Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico.

MATERIAL AND METHOD

An observational, retrospective and transversal study was done from clinical records to obtain data about the variables of age, gender, date of admission, date of discharge, and diagnostic tests and tomographies performed during the patient’s stay at the Hospital of Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico, from June 26th 2012 to June 21st 2017.

RESULTS

We found that 4619 patients were admitted at the Hospital of Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico. From this group, 438 patients were diagnosed with cerebrovascular disease (9.4%), the hemorrhagic accounted for 18.5%, the ischemic 46.3% and 33.8% were not diagnosed. The age variable had a mean of 65 years old (22-99 years). The days of stay variable had a mean of 2.0 days, a variance of 16.2 days (interval: 0-26 days).

CONCLUSIONS

The study showed that cerebrovascular disease is present more in men than in women and that cerebrovascular disease affects more frequently to younger people. These findings have an important variation compared to similar research findings in Mexico and Latin America.

Palabras llave : Cerebrovascular disease; Incidence.

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