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Medicina interna de México

Print version ISSN 0186-4866


VICENTE-HERRERO, María Teófila et al. Obstructive sleep apnea assessed with Epworth and Stop-Bang questionnaires and its relationship with metabolic syndrome. Med. interna Méx. [online]. 2018, vol.34, n.3, pp.373-380. ISSN 0186-4866.


Metabolic syndrome includes a group of conditions involving an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Its growing prevalence makes it a preventive priority in the scientific community.


To quantify sleep hours and to know the risk of sleep apnoea detected and the relationship with the metabolic syndrome in workers.


An epidemiological cross-sectional study was done in 1110 workers in the Spanish Public Administration during periodic health surveillance from January to December 2015. The risk of presenting nocturnal apnoea was assessed using Epworth and Stop-Bang questionnaires, and their influence on metabolic syndrome with International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) criteria.


The number of hours of sleep is not related to the greater presence of metabolic syndrome in the working population. The detection of obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnea syndrome with Epworth and Stop-Bang questionnaires showed significant relationship with metabolic syndrome with IDF and ATP III criteria.


The highest risk of obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnea syndrome assessed shows statistic relation to a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome.

Keywords : Metabolic syndrome; Obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnea syndrome; Occupational health.

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