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Medicina interna de México

Print version ISSN 0186-4866

Abstract

BOLANOS-AGUILAR, Marco Antonio et al. Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease in presentation with silicosis. Med. interna Méx. [online]. 2018, vol.34, n.2, pp.335-341. ISSN 0186-4866.  http://dx.doi.org/10.24245/mim.v34i2.1565.

Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease, also called histiocytic necrotizing lympha-denitis, is a rare and benign condition of unknown etiology, characte-rized by cervical lymphadenopathy with fever that frequently occurs in previously young healthy women. The clinical manifestations, a history of systemic lupus erythematous and histopathologic analysis suggest an immune response of T cells and histiocytes as a part of the pathophysiology. The diagnosis of Kikuchi disease requires lymph node biopsy, in which there is evidence of necrosis with histiocyte infiltrates and characteristically absence of neutrophils. No effective treatment exists for Kikuchi disease, it is self-limited into 1-4 weeks; with severe and persistent symptoms, glucocorticoids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed. Silicosis is a condition in which silicone, a component of breast implants, acts as an immunogenic adjuvant, causing a local and systemic autoimmune response with non-specific symptomatology constituting the adjuvant-induced autoimmune syndrome (ASIA). The treatment of ASIA is based on the elimination of the external stimulus and in most cases a favorable long-term response is observed without initiating immunomodulatory treatment. More cases are needed in order to establish silicosis as a cause of Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease and to know more about the relationship between these conditions.

Keywords : Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease; Lymphadenitis; Silicosis; Autoimmune response.

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