Universidad y ciencia
versión impresa ISSN 0186-2979
PRIEGO-CASTILLO, GA et al. Sustainability assessment of two cocoa production systems: Case studies in rural production units in Comalcalco, Tabasco. Universidad y ciencia [online]. 2009, vol.25, n.1, pp. 39-57. ISSN 0186-2979.
The Framework for the Evaluation of Natural Resources Management Systems Incorporating Sustainability Indicators (MESMIS) was used to comparatively evaluate the sustainability of two cocoa production farms in the municipality of Comalcalco, Tabasco during 2006. The method of Case Studies was used combining quantitative and qualitative approaches of research, and including participative methods. Two cocoa production farms, one organic and one conventional were selected with the aid of key informants. Sustainability was evaluated using 22 indicators selected after identifying critical points in each case and applying participative exercises with the farmers. The analysis of the results considered the categories of the attributes and the dimensions of sustainability. The results revealed that the highest sustainability was obtained by the organic farm with a sustainability value of 67.75 %, the conventional value being 47.32 %. The organic farm was nearer the desirable value of sustainability as a result of its values of adaptability, equity and self-sufficiency. In the analysis of the dimensions of sustainability, the organic farm scored the highest sustainability values, particularly in the Environmental dimension. Both systems of production can improve their sustainability if an integral agroecological management is implemented including the updating of knowledge and practical skills through professional assistance, the involvement of the farmers in local markets and the promotion of the autonomy of the farms.
Palabras llave : Sustainability; organic cocoa; Tabasco.