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Contaduría y administración

versión impresa ISSN 0186-1042

Resumen

VAZQUEZ-LOPEZ, Raúl. Structural competitiveness of the Mexican exports of textiles: A comparative analysis with respect to its competitors. Contad. Adm [online]. 2020, vol.65, n.4, 00015.  Epub 13-Sep-2021. ISSN 0186-1042.  https://doi.org/10.22201/fca.24488410e.2020.2519.

This article analyzes the evolution of the Mexican exports of textiles to the United States (U.S.) and the European Union (E.U.) markets in the period 1994-2015, in terms of the composition of products exported to those destinations, by comparing its performance with respect to their main competitors in each case. A shift-share approach shows that despite NAFTA´s protection, there was no relevant structural change in the composition of Mexican exports leading to the generation of new capabilities oriented to develop competitive advantages in more sophisticated products. On the contrary, Chinese competitive profile changed towards more sophisticated products on those markets following a planned upgrading path. As for the E.U. market, results show that Mexican exports experienced a regressive transformation as clothing exports to the U.S were redirected to the E.U. in detriment of the deepening of higher value added exports of elaborated intermediate goods.

Palabras llave : L67; F14; F63; L16; O24; Mexico; Competitiveness; Exports; Textile; Nafta.

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