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Contaduría y administración

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TORRES VARGAS, Arturo  and  JASSO VILLAZUL, Javier. Capabilities and knowledge transfer: evidence from a university research center in the health area in Mexico. Contad. Adm [online]. 2019, vol.64, n.spe1. ISSN 0186-1042.

One of the questions in the current debate about innovation processes is how to transfer knowledge and technology from universities to the productive sector. The objective of this work is to analyze the role of the scientific and inventive capabilities generated in the universities, as a requirement to promote effective processes of knowledge and technology transfer to the productive sector. With this, we seeks to contribute to the understanding of how an effective linkage between universities and the companies can be fostered to create and develop innovative products through the transfer of technology. We analyse the experience of the Institute of Biomedical Research of the National Autonomous University of Mexico, one of the most important universities in Latin America (IIBm-UNAM). This university research center (URC) stands out in the Mexican context for its relevant generation of scientific and inventive capabilities. It is concluded that for the knowledge created in the universities to materialize in new products and / or processes marketable by the productive sector, it is crucial that there are complementary capabilities between the university and the companies. In this process two driving forces are identified. The first “science push” requires from universities to generate scientific and inventive capabilities that enable new scientific and technological developments, as well as the capabilities to manage and transfer that knowledge. The second “demand pull”, requires that companies generate capabilities to identify, use and assimilate the scientific and technological university developments. Both processes enable the transfer of knowledge and technology from universities to the productive sector.

Keywords : Capabilities; knowledge transfer; technology transfer; universities-firm linkages; university research centers; health; Mexico; I23; I15; O31; D83; B52.

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