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Contaduría y administración

versión impresa ISSN 0186-1042


GARCIA, Blanca  y  COX, John. Cross border industries in Mexico with low organizational attachment: Case study. Contad. Adm [online]. 2010, n.231, pp.79-102. ISSN 0186-1042.

Cross Border Industries, also known as maquiladoras in Northern Mexico, are currently facing the problem of low organizational attachment among production workers. Direct workers often perceive little commitment to their company, and turnover rates in the plants average; e.g., about 10 per cent per month in Tijuana. Other places like Ensenada (1 hour away from Tijuana) face turnover rates that are lower than 10 percent, but still much higher than is desirable. In this study we examine turnover and job satisfaction through a turnover model. Variables dealing with co-workers, job security, and the job itself demonstrated a strong independent relationship. An analysis of data made in SPSS from 100 production workers within an outsourcing manufacturing maquiladora showed that the desire continually to seek a new job is positively associated with turnover intentions and negatively associated with organizational commitment. This finding can be of guidance to managers and management scholars attempting to understand and combat turnover and reinforce organizational attachment in Northern Mexico.

Palabras llave : maquiladora; organizational commitment; job satisfaction; work motivation; Mexico; job security; turnover; job values.

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