versão impressa ISSN 0186-0348
CARRERA, Julián. The Impact of War on Retail Traders in the Buenos Aires Campaign, 1815-1821. Secuencia [online]. 2011, n.81, pp. 43-66. ISSN 0186-0348.
The revolutionary process and subsequent civil wars created a phenomenon of militarization associated with the banditry that affected the countryside. Within this frame-work, general stores in the Buenos Aires campaign would have been particularly affected by this situation, as were the haciendas. The tax registers indicate that the decade from 1810 to 1820 showed a sharp increase in the number of general stores in the campaign. Many general store owners were "exempted" from tax payment due to having been looted by "federal troops," troops of mounted rebels and in some cases, by indigenous raids on the border. The information suggests that for both indigenous societies and the armies that intervened in the civil war, general stores were a safe target, since they could obtain resources there and in some cases, cash.
Palavras-chave : Civil war; militarization; general stores; looting; extraordinary contribution.