Revista mexicana de análisis de la conducta
Print version ISSN 0185-4534
REYES-SEANEZ, María Amelia; IBANEZ-BERNAL, Carlos; MENDOZA-MERAZ, Gerónimo and FLORES-KASTANIS, Eduardo. Direct and Indirect didactic reference: effects on contextual performance learning. Rev. mex. anál. conducta [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.1, pp. 33-50. ISSN 0185-4534. http://dx.doi.org/10.5514/rmac.v37.i1.24687.
Didactic reference is a process which denotes the spatial, temporal or functional relation between didactic discourse and its referent object. A two staged experiment was carried out. The first stage was aimed to determine the effect of two modalities of indirect reference on the acquisition of identification abilities. Twenty three college students were randomly assigned to two groups, one with eleven subjects and the other with twelve. Group 1 received textual information (discourse) before a related image (the referent object), while Group 2 received the discourse after the object. The experimental effects were observed in two test tasks: Identification on the object and identification within textual questions. Results showed that indirect reference, no matter its modality, did not contribute effectively to the development of identification on the object abilities, but it did so to the development of identification within textual questions abilities, which as a matter of fact do not require the presence of the referent object for its acquisition. The second stage was carried out immediately after the first one. Its purpose was to establish the effects of direct reference on the same identification tasks. All subjects of the first stage were assigned to a single group, and received the simultaneous presentation of the same discourse and referent object used in the first stage. Results indicated that both identification abilities significantly improved under conditions of direct didactic reference.
Keywords : Contextual competencies; didactic interactions; didactic reference; competence learning; didactic discourse.