versão impressa ISSN 0185-3880
OLIVEROS-RAMOS, R e PENA, C. Modeling and analysis of the recruitment of Peruvian anchovy (Engraulis ringens) between 1961 and 2009. Cienc. mar [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.4b, pp.659-674. ISSN 0185-3880.
The principal objective of this work is to present a new model for the assessment of recruitment of the northern-central stock of Peruvian anchovy (Engraulis ringens), and use it to estímate monthly time series of recruits and pre-recruits between 1961 and 2009. The model is length-based and has monthly temporal resolution, allowing the variability in abundance and seasonality of recruitment to be modeled based on fishery and scientific survey information. The anchovy population is modeled with two recruitments per year, parameterizing recruitment using abundance, mean length, and dispersion of the mean length at recruitment. This way of modeling recruitment enables a better representation of the temporal continuity of the recruitment process in comparison to an approach that only considers the abundance of recruits. The monthly time series of pre-recruits (4.0-7.5 cm) and recruits (8.0-11.5 cm) obtained were analyzed, and two regime shifts in recruitment dynamics (1971 and 1991) were identified. Seasonal patterns given by the model are consistent with those obtained by independent direct studies. We discuss the advantages and limitations of this approach within the framework of the study of the recruitment process and the integration of reproductive data in stock assessment models.
Palavras-chave : Peruvian anchovy; recruitment time series; evolutionary algorithms.