versão impressa ISSN 0185-3880
MOO-PUC, R; ROBLEDO, D e FREILE-PELEGRIN, Y. In vitro cytotoxic and antiproliferative activities of marine macroalgae from Yucatán, Mexico. Cienc. mar [online]. 2009, vol.35, n.4, pp. 345-358. ISSN 0185-3880.
Extracts from 27 marine algal species (14 Rhodophyta, 5 Phaeophyta, and 8 Chlorophyta) from the Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico) were evaluated for cytotoxic and antiproliferative activity by 3(4,5-dimethylthiazole-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and sulforhodamine B (SRB) assays, respectively. To determine the specificity of cytotoxic activity against tumor cells, the selective index (SI) was also calculated. The following cancer cell lines were employed: normal canine kidney (MDCK) cells, human laryngeal carcinoma (Hep-2) cells, human cervical adenocarcinoma (HeLa) cells, and human nasopharyngeal carcinoma (KB) cells. The results indicated that 44% and 51% of the algal species tested showed cytotoxic and antiproliferative activity, respectively. Most of the cytotoxic extracts were from species of Chlorophyta, with Udotea flabellum and U. conglutinate showing the highest cytotoxic activity against all the cancer cell lines. For Rhodophyta, the Bryothamnion triquetrum extract showed outstanding selective cytotoxicity against Hep-2 cells (CC50 8.29 µg mL-1, SI = 12.04). Two of the five species of Phaeophyta tested (Lobophora variegata and Dictyota caribaea) showed high cytotoxicity activity against the KB cell line. The data show that these species are a potential source of compounds for the treatment of certain cancer diseases.
Palavras-chave : antiproliferative; cytotoxicity; seaweeds; Yucatán.