versión impresa ISSN 0185-3880
JURADO-MOLINA, J; PALLEIRO-NAYAR, JS y GUTIERREZ, NL. Developing a Bayesian framework for stock assessment and decision analysis of the red sea urchin fishery in Baja California, Mexico. Cienc. mar [online]. 2009, vol.35, n.2, pp. 183-193. ISSN 0185-3880.
The red sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus franciscanus) fishery is of importance to the economy of Baja California (Mexico). The commercial fishery started in the early 1970s as a result of expanding export markets, but has experienced substantial decline in landings and abundance since 1986. Fishery-independent surveys have not been conducted for all fishing areas, thus CPUE and catch data were used to conduct a stock assessment and decision analysis for the red sea urchin stock. The red sea urchin population dynamics was described with the Schaefer biomass dynamic model. Bayesian approaches were used for the estimation of the model parameters and for projecting the population dynamics of the species under different management scenarios, including constant harvest rate and constant catch strategies. This study suggests that the current stock is only 17% of the virgin stock biomass and that, for a constant catch policy, a 10% increase in the current catch rate could potentially cause the collapse of the fishery in 20 years. Simulation results suggested that a constant harvest rate between 15% and 25% would cause the population to recover and maximize the catch in 2024. Higher harvest rate levels would increase the probability of the biomass being less than 40% of the population carrying capacity.
Palabras llave : constant catch strategy; constant harvest rate; Markov chain Monte Carlo simulations; posterior distribution; Schaefer model.