SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.42 número3Propiedades psicométricas de la escala de medición de resiliencia en pacientes mexicanos con hemodiálisis crónicaConsistencia interna y validez confirmatoria del inventario de prácticas de crianza en una muestra de población mexicana índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • No hay artículos similaresSimilares en SciELO

Compartir


Salud mental

versión impresa ISSN 0185-3325

Resumen

TADEO-ALVAREZ, Marco Antonio et al. Presence of depressive symptoms in medical students in a Mexican public university. Salud Ment [online]. 2019, vol.42, n.3, pp.131-136. ISSN 0185-3325.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17711/sm.0185-3325.2019.017.

Introduction

During their professional training, medical students are subject to diverse stress-causing factors such as academic demands and a highly competitive environment which may threaten their mental health.

Objective

Identify the presence of depressive symptoms in medical students in a public university in Mexico.

Method

Descriptive cross-sectional study of a random sample of 203 medical students at the Universidad Autónoma de Baja California from February to April 2018. The PHQ - 9 scale was used, and a cut-off score of ≥ 10 was employed as positive for depressive symptoms. Basic descriptive statistics were utilized to analyze sociodemographic variables such as gender, academic advancement, stage of training (basic science vs. clinical), and the prevalence of the five different categories of the scale.

Results

Of the medical students surveyed, 20.2% were found positive for depressive symptoms and 7.9% (16) had severe or moderately severe symptoms. Female gender increased the risk of presenting symptoms (OR = 3.5, 95% CI [1.6, 7.6]).

Discussion

Despite the fact that the prevalence of depressive symptoms encountered was similar to that reported worldwide, it is troubling that one fifth of the surveyed students presented depressive symptoms. These results may justify implementation of preventive strategies by academic authorities to improve student mental health, and maybe even for early detection of risk of major depressive disorder.

Palabras llave : Medical students; depression; depressive symptoms.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Inglés     · Inglés ( pdf )