SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.40 número2Percepción y uso de la coerción informal en el tratamiento ambulatorio: estudio de un grupo focal con profesionales de la salud mental en países de cultura latina índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados




Links relacionados

  • No hay artículos similaresSimilares en SciELO


Salud mental

versión impresa ISSN 0185-3325


DOLENGEVICH-SEGAL, Helen; RODRIGUEZ-SALGADO, Beatriz; GOMEZ-ARNAU, Jorge  y  SANCHEZ-MATEOS, Daniel. An approach to the new psychoactive drugs phenomenon. Salud Ment [online]. 2017, vol.40, n.2, pp.71-82. ISSN 0185-3325.


The new psychoactive drugs (NPD) are those that represent a danger to public health and are not prohibited by conventions on international narcotics. The concept also includes new contexts and new routes of consumption as well as novel ways of distribution, notably Internet. The risks associated with NPD consumption are largely unknown to users and to health care providers.


To integrate the existing evidence regarding the main NPD in terms of description, epidemiology, psychopharmacology, medical complications and psychoactive effects.


To review relevant and updated clinical information on NPD obtained from specialized books and indexed scientific journals (PubMed/Medline, Google Scholar, Scopus), as well as official documents edited by international organizations dedicated to the epidemiologic analysis of drug abuse and Internet websites and forums managed by psychoactive substance users.


Aspects of clinical and pharmacological interest are described comprehensively, together with epidemiological data and risks associated to the consumption of the most relevant NPD: synthetic cannabinoids, synthetic cathinones, NBOMe series, indoleamines, piperazines, hallucinogenic mushrooms (Psilocybe SP.), synthetic opioids, plant products (khat, kratom, Salvia divinorum, ayahuasca) and dissociative anesthetics.

Discussion and conclusion.

The emergence of the NPD is a phenomenon on the rise with important consequences for public health. Learning about new trends in drug consumption and its potential risks should be essential for the medical professional. New research is needed in order to understand the phenomenon of the NPD and its pharmacological, clinical and legal implications.

Palabras llave : Spice; cathinone; psychoactive drugs; khat; opioids.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Inglés     · Inglés ( pdf )