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Salud mental

versão impressa ISSN 0185-3325

Resumo

ALONSO-FERNANDEZ, Francisco. Alexithymia and its clinical and social consequence. Salud Ment [online]. 2011, vol.34, n.6, pp.481-490. ISSN 0185-3325.

Alexithymia (AL) is characterized as an emotional communicative deficit, associated with operational thinking, impulsivity and heavy bodily sensations. AL is a frequent male profile (prevalence of 10%). Cerebroorganic, psychic or social factors take part in its etiology. A differential diagnosis is essential with blocking of affect and atypical depression. The new concept of pseudoalexithymia is introduced here. AL disturbs seriously the dyadic adjustment into the couple and increases the susceptibility to somatic or mental diseases. Some orientations for diagnosis and treatment are given. In conclusion, this study supports the great importance of AL in society, family and clinic.

Palavras-chave : Alexithymia; pseudo alexithymia; atypical depression; somatic and mental pathology.

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