versão impressa ISSN 0185-3325
This article discusses ten basic points of epilepsy in children that the psychiatrist should know in his medical practice. We mention the importance of the issue especially in children, since over 75% of patients start their epilepsy before 18 years, with a subsequent increase in the elderly. Epidemiological studies of the Epilepsy Priority Program have shown a prevalence of 15x1000, this is more than a million and half of patients with epilepsy in the country. The article describes the current definition and discusses a new definition proposal which mentioned that epilepsy is a brain disease characterized by a predisposition to present lasting and permanent seizures with their biological, cognitive and psychosocial consequences. It emphasizes the different types of seizures according to the international classification and lists some types of seizures that can be difficult to recognize. Record a brief description of non-epileptic paroxysmal events than can be confused with epilepsy. Describes the usefulness of the electroencephalogram and neuroimaging studies in epilepsy. It emphazises the importance of type of epilepsy, since different anticonvulsants are useful for specific seizures. It also mentions the most common behavioral and learning problems that children with epilepsy may present. The article clarifies some myths and provides recommendations for the long term follow up of these patients.
Palavras-chave : Epilepsy; psychiatry; children.