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Revista mexicana de fitopatología

versión On-line ISSN 2007-8080versión impresa ISSN 0185-3309

Resumen

QUEZADA-SALINAS, Andrés et al. Genetic resistance to Sporisorium reilianum f. sp. zeae in selected maize (Zea mays L.) lines with white and yellow endosperm. Rev. mex. fitopatol [online]. 2017, vol.35, n.3, pp.534-548. ISSN 2007-8080.  http://dx.doi.org/10.18781/r.mex.fit.1705-2.

Head smut (Sporisorium reilianum f. sp. zeae) of maize (Zea mays L.) is an important disease present in Mexico, including the Mezquital and Toluca Valleys. The objective of this research was to identify C2-S1 and C2-S2 maize lines adapted to Mexican highlands to be used in a breeding program for disease resistance and good agronomic characters. Seed of lines were inoculated with a suspension of 7x107 teliospores mL-1 of S. reilianum f. sp. zeae with 1% sodium carboximethyl cellulose and planted in a greenhouse. Plants were monitored until tassel stage, when disease incidence was recorded. In 258 C2-S1 lines with white endosperm showed an incidence of 92.3% and 41.7% in 71 lines with yellow endosperm. Based on disease incidence and agronomic characters, 38 and 24 C2-S1 lines with white and yellow endosperm, respectively, were selected and self-pollinated in the field. A total of 123 and 114 C2-S2 lines with white and yellow ensoperm, respectively, inoculated with teliospores of the pathogen showed incidence of the disease up to 42.8% and 28.5%, respectively. Inoculation with teliospores and planting in the greenhouse resulted in the identification of maize lines with different percentages of infection allowing the selection of resistant lines, proving the efficiency of the technique.

Palabras llave : Sporisorium reilianum f. sp. zeae; Zea mays; head smut; seed inoculation; resistant lines.

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