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Revista mexicana de fitopatología

versión On-line ISSN 2007-8080versión impresa ISSN 0185-3309

Resumen

GUIGON-LOPEZ, César et al. Molecular Identification of Trichoderma spp. Strains, in vitro Growth Rate and Antagonism against Plant Pathogen Fungi. Rev. mex. fitopatol [online]. 2010, vol.28, n.2, pp.87-96. ISSN 2007-8080.

Six Trichoderma spp. native strains were identified to specie and studied to determine their growth rate and antagonism against plant pathogen fungi. The strains were cultivated on Potato Dextrose Agar to determine their morphological characteristics and growth rate. Molecular analysis was carried out to identify their species. The antagonistic activity was tested by the dual cultures confrontation method. Although morphological characteristics of strains were similar to T. harzianum and T. viride, the molecular analysis showed that strains TC74, TC74M, T341, T359 and T479, were T. asperellum and T397 was T. longibrachiatum. Trichoderma strains mean growth rate at 25 °C ranged from 12 to 17 mmd-1. Inhibition of the B. cinerea growth ranged from 60% to 75% and mycelium overgrown from 25% to 100%. Inhibition of R. solani growth ranged from 34% to 52% and overgrown from 15% to 100%. Antagonistic activity of T. asperellum TC74, T341 and T359 was similar to reference strains T22 and Th. The same three strains inhibited the M. phaseolina growth from 44% to 64%, R. solani from 51% to 59%, P. omnivora 28% to 37% and Fusarium sp. 5%to 14%.

Palabras llave : Biocontrol; T. asperellum; T longibrachiatum; soil borne plant pathogens.

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