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Estudios de historia moderna y contemporánea de México

Print version ISSN 0185-2620


FOWLER, Will. El pronunciamiento mexicano del siglo XIX: Hacia una nueva tipología. Estud. hist. mod. contemp. Mex [online]. 2009, n.38, pp.5-34. ISSN 0185-2620.

Following the war of Independence (1810-1821), over 1 500 pronunciamientos erupted between the 1821 Plan of Iguala and the 1876 Plan of Tuxtepec. In a number of cases they degenerated into clashes of appalling violence such as the Mexico City Parián Riot of 1828. In others they resulted in brutal civil wars (1832, 1854-1855, 1858-1860). In many cases, however, their demands were appeased or quelled depending on how many pronunciamientos of allegiance they received. This article aims to redefine the practice of the pronunciamiento in Mexico, by emphasizing the leading role civilian groups and institutions had in adopting this legitimate, albeit unconstitutional, means of effecting political change at a regional and at a national level during the early national period.

Keywords : Pronunciamiento; army; civilian participation; political culture; town council; negotiation; Spain; Mexico.

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