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Estudios de historia moderna y contemporánea de México

Print version ISSN 0185-2620


RAMIREZ RANCANO, Mario. The Military Republic of Victoriano Huerta. Estud. hist. mod. contemp. Mex [online]. 2005, n.30, pp.167-213. ISSN 0185-2620.

In February 1913, once the Ten Tragic Days in the history of this turmoil period had occurred, Victoriano Huerta became president of Mexico. Since the United States did not consider his government as legitimate, it did not acknowledge him as head of the country Besides, rebellion was spread in the city as well as in the rural areas. Therefore, he decided to impose a military government. From the original 33000 soldiers in the army at the beginning of his administration, he increased the troops to 80000. In moments of despair, he even announced his intention to raise the figure to 150000 or 250000 soldiers so as to crush his opponents, although nobody knew how he was going to get them. In such background, a group of a few generals led to the militarization of the country by means of occupying the government of the states, as well as senatorships and federal deputy designations. As far as policies projects, Huerta challenged the United States by posing the threat to nationalize the oil industry. He even suggested the possibility to militarize bureaucracy and public schools. Luckily for his plans, in the army there was no fracture at all, although in the navy things were different. Eventually, however, American invasion to Veracruz brought about the triumph of the constitutionalist movement and, so, Huerta had to quit and leave the country.

Keywords : Mexican Revolution; Victoriano Huerta; huertism armed forces; armys leadership, troops, generals, militia governors, militarization , felicism, exiled politicians.

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