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Estudios de historia novohispana

versão impressa ISSN 0185-2523

Resumo

TORRE CURIEL, José Refugio de la. The Confesional en Carmeleño. Vintage point to the relationship between Franciscans and Rumsen Indians in the California missions. Estud. hist. novohisp [online]. 2018, n.58, pp.150-187. ISSN 0185-2523.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22201/iih.24486922e.2018.58.63065.

In 1770, fray Junípero Serra founded mission San Carlos Borromeo, on the surroundings of the Monterey presidio in California. The following year, the mission was relocated to its permanent site on the banks of the Carmel River, among the Rumsen Indians. Through the transcription and analysis of a “Confesional en Carmeleño” (or Manual for confession in Carmeleño) compiled by an anonymous missionary from the College of San Fernando de Mexico (probably related to the times of Junípero Serra or Juan Crespi), the article makes available imporant fragments of one of California’s native langues, as recorded by one of the late-eighteenth century Franciscan missionaries. This manual is a bilingual Castilian-Rumsen text; in addition to its linguistic and ethnographic value, the document shades light on the ways in which the missionaries identified some native cultural practices.

Palavras-chave : Manuals for confessors; Monterey (California); confesionarios; Junipero Serra; Juan Crespi; California Indians.

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