Print version ISSN 0185-2450
GABRIEL, Silvia Cristina. Practical Reason and Violence in Paul Ricoeur. Diánoia [online]. 2011, vol.56, n.66, pp. 59-79. ISSN 0185-2450.
Given the polarity between the "legitimist" (Weber) and the "illegitimist" (Arendt) theories of violence in the political field, I will explore the philosophical contributions of Paul Ricoeur to this issue. Since the political field is for the author the accomplishment of the ethical intention, I will first explore the ethical and moral dimension of violence. Secondly, I will enter in the proper political field where we will see Ricoeur defends an "asymmetrical" dialectic between the "legitimist" and "illegitimist" arguments in which the former acquire reasonability within a "broad" concept of violence akin to Arendt's. Thirdly, I will approach the temporal dimension of violence as it appears in collective memory and in history. I will conclude with an account of the merits and partially unresolved questions within Ricoeur's work.
Keywords : ethics; political field; history; difficult forgiveness.