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Revista mexicana de ciencias políticas y sociales

Print version ISSN 0185-1918

Abstract

DIAZ GONZALEZ MENDEZ, Carlos. Democratic Culture and Perceptions of Inequality: Mexico and Chile in a Comparative Perspective. Rev. mex. cienc. polít. soc [online]. 2016, vol.61, n.227, pp.295-324. ISSN 0185-1918.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0185-1918(16)30030-7.

This article examines contrasts between democratic culture and perceptions of inequality in Mexico and Chile. Since the beginning of their transition to democracy and up to the present day, both nations share an increase in aspirations to equality while they differ regarding the strategies to reach it. Whereas political culture in Chile tends towards state intervention in distributive matters and non-conventional political participation, Mexico is undergoing a moment in which both satisfactions with democracy and support for it are declining, and formal and informal political participation have weakened. In this scenario, the search for equality privileges competition and large income differentials as incentives to reach it, features that ultimately legitimize inequality and evidence a much more individualized and less democratic society than the Chilean one.

Keywords : democratic culture; inequality; distributive justice; political participation.

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