Revista mexicana de ciencias políticas y sociales
versão impressa ISSN 0185-1918
ROTTENBACHER DE ROJAS, Jan Marc e SCHMITZ, Mathias. Democracy versus economic neoliberalism. Ideological conditions of political and economic preferences in the city of Lima. Rev. mex. cienc. polít. soc [online]. 2012, vol.57, n.214, pp.111-140. ISSN 0185-1918.
This study analyzes the influence of political ideology on three sociopolitical attitudes: the support to the economic model of neo liberalism, the support to the po- litical democratic system, and the lack of interest in politics, in a sample given to young adults in the city of Lima (N=279). Measures of political ideology were done using scales of authoritarianism of the right wing (RWA), orientation towards social dominance (SDO), political orientation to the right and justification of inequality. Three models of structural equations were contrasted. The two final models present good indicators of adjustment. Both models propose that while RWA, SDO and rightist political orientation exert direct influence on the support to the economic neo liberal, the SDO influences in a reverse fashion on the support of a democratic system. The model that presented the best degree of adjustment proposes as well, that the lack of interest in politics influences directly on the support to the neo liberal economic model. It discusses in the end, the relation between political conservatism, economic neo liberalism and the concept of political apathy.
Palavras-chave : economic neoliberalism; political conservatism; support to democracy; political apathy.