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Investigación económica

versão impressa ISSN 0185-1667


CALDERON VILLARREAL, Cuauhtémoc; HUESCA REYNOSO, Luis  e  OCHOA ADAME, Gloria Lizeth. Análisis comparativo de la desigualdad salarial entre México y Estados Unidos. Inv. Econ [online]. 2017, vol.76, n.300, pp.3-31. ISSN 0185-1667.

The structure of the labor demand in the industrialized countries has changed and has caused an increase in the wage inequality among the different groups of workers (skilled and unskilled), while, in the developing countries this inequality has decreased. The actual paper analyses the factors that determine the wage inequality that exists between countries with bordering borders, like Mexico and the United States of America. The statistical analysis was developed for the 2005-2012 period, with data from the Encuesta Nacional de Ocupación y Empleo (ENOE) and the Current Population Survey (CPS). It was disaggregated the Gini Index with an approach of cooperative games. The results revealed that in Mexico, during the analyzed period, the wage inequality was reduced, while in the United States, it increased.

Palavras-chave : Wage inequality; tasks; Gini.

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