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Investigación económica

versão impressa ISSN 0185-1667


RODRIGUEZ-OREGGIA, Eduardo. Winners and Losers of Regional Growth in Mexico and their Dynamics. Inv. Econ [online]. 2007, vol.66, n.259, pp.43-62. ISSN 0185-1667.

Developing countries, such as Mexico, where in-depth processes of economic liberalization have taken place over the last few decades, offer fertile ground for studies of regional disparities. This paper analyzes convergence among regions and the mobility among different categories of income and growth, as well as the factors affecting such mobility. In doing so, we present a method based on the Markov chains to analyze mobility and then a multinomial logit for factors affecting such mobility. The evidence shows that northern states, bordering the United States, moved from a condition of falling-behind prior to liberalization to that of winners thereafter, while southern states went from catching-up to a condition of losers. Mobility is low and richer states tend to remain rich, while poorer states remain poor. Endowments of human and public capital play an important role in defining such patterns.

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